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Obesity, adipose tissue and anti-obesity drugs

Authors:Dhastagir Sultan Sheriff, Thiruvagounder MP, Khalid G, S.Omer Sheriff
Int J Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(4): 1211 – 1219  |  PDF File

Abstract

Obesity has become a global phenomenon, as it presents itself to be as one of the leading metabolic diseases of last century. The new millennium has brought forth this problem globally, attracting the attention of most of the researchers. It commonly affects the affluent societies, but its incidence is reported even in the the developing countries, that the World Health Organization considers it to be globally epidemic. The percentage of Obesity could easily double by the year 2025 if the problem is not well diagnosed and preventive measures are not taken to prevent it. According to available data about 300 million individuals are currently considered as obese which includes the children population also. The significance of obesity resides in the fact that it is not only a metabolic disorder by itself, but leads to a bunch of other fatal diseases which includes type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, arterial hypertension and cardiovascular disease. In addition to these respiratory disorders like obesity hypoventilation syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are strongly associated with obesity.