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Obesity among adolescents of ahmedabad city, gujarat, india- a community based cross-sectional study

Authors:Krutarth R Brahmbhatt, Umesh N Oza
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1554 -1557  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background and objectives: Overweight and obesity are important determinants of health leading to adverse metabolic changes and increase the risk of non communicable diseases. Following the increase in adult obesity, the proportion of overweight and obese adolescents has also been increasing. Hence, the present study was undertaken to study the magnitude of overweight/obesity and find out the associations of obesity among adolescents in Ahmedabad city in Western India and suggest interventions. Materials and Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in all the six zones of Ahemdabad Municipal Corporation. A total of 900 subjects, aged 10-19 years were included. Probability proportionate to size of population technique (PPS) was used to decide the number of adolescents to be included from each zone, Simple random sampling technique was used to select the ward and area from each zone. Pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used to elicit the information on individual characteristics. Height and weight was measured and BMI was calculated. Overweight and obesity was assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) for age. Adolescents who had BMI for age >85th and < 95th percentile of reference population were classified as overweight and BMI for age >95th percentile of reference population were classified as obese. Results: Out of 900 study population, 439(48.8%) were females and 461(51.2%) were males. Total 120(13.3%) adolescents were found overweight, while 49(5.4%) were found obese. Overweight-obesity was significantly associated with Higher socio-economic status, indadequate sleep duration at night, lack of physical activity, consumption of junk foods Conclusion: Interventions shoud be done at adolescence period to prevent the obesity in adulthood. Life style modification can play very important role not only in preventing obesity among adolescents but also inculcating good habits for adulthood.