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Spectrum of bone marrow aspiration test results at prince rashid hospital/ jordan; a 3 year experience

Authors:AsimMomani , RameKhasawneh , Ruba abed
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1648 – 1650  |  PDF File

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the common clinical conditions found in bone marrow aspirate test reports among patients of medical ward at Prince Rashid Hospital.Methods: This is a retrospective study from January 2008 to December 2010. All bone marrow aspiration results were retrieved from the lab records. Results: A total of 200 bone marrow aspiration results were recorded from patients aged 13 years to 80 years. There were 101 females and 99 males with an M: F ration of almost 1:1. The more frequent indications for bone marrow aspiration were unexplained anemia or pancytopenia, found in 60% of request forms, investigation of underlying hematological malignancy, found in 30% of request forms. The main findings were variable according to the age group. Anemia of chronic disease (23.3%) was the commonest finding in the age group >65 years equal to normal bone marrow findings. Normal bone marrow was the commonest finding in the 36-65 year age group (17.5% ) with anemia of chronic disease being next (12.5%). In the 13-35 year age group, normal bone marrow was the commonest finding (20%). Conclusion: Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are used to collect and evaluate bone marrow specimens. Bone marrow aspiration is an important diagnostic modality. This study emphasizes the significance of bone marrow aspiration as a single test when bone marrow biopsy is not available. However, to achieve the optimum standards of patient care and management; bone marrow aspiration and biopsy should be integrated