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A study on pulmonary function test in petrolpump workers in kanchepuram population

Authors:Madhuri BA, Chandrashekar M , Ambareesha Kondam
Int J Biol Med Res. 2012; 3(2): 1712 – 1714  |  PDF File


Abstract: Pulmonary Function Testing (PFTs) is a valuable tool for evaluating the respiratory system, representing an important adjunct to the various lung imaging studies. It also measures the function of lung capacity and chest wall mechanics to determine whether or not the patient has a lung problem.Spirometry gives an important clue in terms of respiratory chronic airway disorders and can predict early damage to pulmonary system. Occupational exposures to petrol/ diesel vapors affect the different systems of the body. The present study has focused on the workers engaged in petrol pump workers (filling attendants) who are continuously exposed to air pollutants such as petrol / diesel vapors during duty hours in Kanchipuram population.Thirty healthy non – smoker male working in petrol pump for more than three years formed the study group, while thirty healthy non–smoker males who are not exposed to air pollutants from hospital staff served as control group. The pulmonary function test was assessed using computerized spirometer.The pulmonary function test (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC%, FEF25 – 75% and PEFR) were significantly decreased in petrol pump workers.The results suggest that there in a need to improve control measures and the health status of workers engaged in petrol fumes.