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Distribution of abo blood group and rhesus factor among students in asia metropolitan university, malaysia.

Authors:Sivananthan Manoharan, Amar Preet Kaur, Che Wan Imanina
Int J Biol Med Res. 2013; 4(1): 2962-2965  |  PDF File

Abstract

Background: Up till now about 200 antigen have been identified. The ABO blood group system was first to be known and rhesus factors (Rh) blood group, both are most essential for blood transfusion purposes. Gene for ABO antigens is on the 9th chromosome and Rh antigen gene is on the first chromosome. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the distribution of ABO blood group and Rhesus factor among students in ASIA Metropolitan University, Malaysia. Materials and Methods: Blood grouping (ABO) and rhesus factors (Rh) was done by the antigen antibody agglutination test. 1414 randomly chosen health sciences students from ASIA Metropolitan University were screened for their blood group systems. Out of these subjects, 259 were males and 1155 were females. Results: Out of 1414 subjects that were randomly selected, 259 (18.32%) were males and 1155 (81.68%) were females. From the total number of males subjects, 257 (99.23%) and from the total number of females subjects, 1134 (98.18%) were found to be Rh positive. Overall 1391 (98.37%) subjects were found of having the Rh-positive and 23 (1.63%) subjects were having Rh-negative. Conclusion: In the present study, the frequency of Rh-negative blood group in male and female subjects were O, B, A, AB and B, O, A and AB. Whereas the most common Rh-positive in male and female subjects are O, B, A, AB and O, B, A and AB respectively.